El Salvador Peace Agreement 1992

The FMLN submitted its first reports on personnel and armaments on time, but UNOSAL expressed repeated doubts about the veracity of these reports. The Armed Forces of El Salvador (FAES) delayed the submission of their first reports, but were submitted and verified by UNOSAL.1 FAES disarmed its civil defence units in April and May 1992.2 The approximately 200,000 Salvadoran refugees, with the United States having enjoyed a secure port, its temporary protection status was to expire on June 30, 1993, after President Bush extended it one year after the previous expiry date of June 30, 1992. Refugee supporters estimated that an additional 500,000 Salvadorans were in the United States and argued that conditions in El Salvador were still too unstable to bring so many people back en masse.1 President Clinton extended protection status temporary 18 months and set the new deadline of 31 December 1994.2 The UNOSAL progress report of October 1993 that the FAES reforms were implemented ” peace agreements and constitutional amendments, in accordance with constitutional amendments.” , whose main objective is to ensure their subordination to the civil power to the rule of law” (United Nations, 14 October 1993, p. 8). These changes include troop reductions, the dissolution of National Intelligence and the removal of police duties from military jurisdiction (ibid.). After the initial Deadline of November 1992 was not met, on 30 June 1993 the Government finally followed the recommendation of the ad hoc Commission to clean up all 103 officials appointed by the Commission (national reports 1993-1994, 437); Human Rights Watch 1993, 95). 6.8 Start of implementation of lending agreements for the agricultural sector and for micro-enterprises: starting from D-120. War disability programmes have been delayed due to the lack of agreement between the two parties on the road to long-term rehabilitation. The medical programme was also delayed due to differences of opinion on staff and slow deliveries of hospital equipment.5 Peace agreements did not define how to proceed with the demobilization of the PN (Hemisphere Initiatives Sept. 1993, 18), but the government presented a plan in October 1993 (United Nations 23 November 1993, 9). The task will take place in two phases: the first, from October 1993 to May 1994, will demobilize 2,400 PN officers and, in the second, from May to October 1994, another 6,850 civil servants will be recruited. The plan also calls for the abolition of the customs police, which consists of 1,211 civil servants when the PNC`s financial service is fully operational (ibid.). UNOSAL requested that the demobilization process be expedited (ibid., 10).

On 8 September 1993, the Government committed to assign to FMLN two new television channels and a shortwave channel that complied with the agreements reached on 22 December 1992.1 FAES stopped the arrests after the start of the armed conflict on 1 February 1992. Another recent death trial is that of Jess Cartagena, an FMLN candidate who ran for The Huizcar City Council. He and his daughter were killed at home by unknown men (Inter Press Service 11 Jan. 1994; 11 January 1994). In early February 1994, Israel Bernardino Sium, an FMLN activist, was shot dead in his home in Izalco, 70 kilometres west of the capital, by three masked gunmen (San Antonio Express-News 11 Feb.